Carl Albert was a native of McAlester, Oklahoma. He entered the University of Oklahoma in 1927 where he majored in political science and participated in Army ROTC as all men were required to do at the time. Albert graduated from OU in 1931 and received a Rhodes scholarship to study at Oxford University. He returned to Oklahoma in 1934 and opened a law practice in Oklahoma City in 1935. Albert served in the United States Army during World War II with the 3rd Armored Division and as a JAG officer. He left the Army in 1946 at the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. From 1947 to 1977 he served as the U.S. Representative for the 3rd district of Oklahoma. In 1971, he became the 46th Speaker of the House.